Vesna Čopič, Andrej Srakar: "Cultural governance: a literature review"
The research field of this study connects a number of different theoretical areas, ranging from cultural studies to public administration, organisational theory, political science, economics and sociology. There are therefore several considerations regarding the scope of this research: firstly, the considerations on the social context of culture and its relationship to other sub-areas in society such as politics and economy, including those based on certain theoretical considerations with origin in the Frankfurt School and in critical cultural studies that are beyond the scope of this review, but nonetheless very important. The second consideration refers to the important distinction between governance at the aggregate (public administration) level and management at the operational, i.e. organisational level. Management in the public sector depends on governance to such an extent that research literature on the effects of public sector reform on the management of cultural organisations cannot be omitted. It is also undeniable that the existing literature on the instrumental uses of culture has a significant role for the notion of cultural governance. Nevertheless, it is not included in this review because this component is covered by a separate literature review on public value on culture.
Thus for the purposes of this review of relevant academic literature and research on cultural governance the term defined as ‘public governance of culture’ is composed of two sub-areas: (1) the new approaches to the formulation and implementation of sectoral cultural policy that are inspired by the interaction between the state, the civil society and the market and (2) the improvements in the steering and supervision of cultural organisations that lead to efficiently-, expertly-, independently- and transparently-operating cultural organisations.
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